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Villages Pre-Dating the Pharaohs Have Been Discovered in Egypt’s Nile Delta

This latest discovery gives us a clearer view of the first communities that settled on the Nile Delta.

A Neolithic village has been discovered in Tell El Samara in the Nile Delta, 140 KM north of Cairo, according to Express.

The finding, made by a joint Egyptian and French mission led by chief archaeologist Frederic Gio, is one of the oldest known villages in the delta, and found along with it are large quantities of animal and plant remains, as well as pottery and stone tools, according to the Egyptian Antiquities Ministry. “Analysing the biological material that has been discovered will present us with a clearer view of the first communities that settled in the Delta and the origins of agriculture and farming in Egypt”, said Nadia Khedr, a Ministry official responsible for Egyptian, Greek and Roman antiquities on the Mediterranean.

This latest discovery has experts believing that humans were already living in the fertile area, in the northern province of El-Dakahlia as early as 5,000 BC. Scientists will now analyse the recovered organic material and study the different ways our ancestors, the ones before the pharaohs, lived in the Nile Delta.

The Neolithic era, a time of great development for human technology, is a period in Ancient Egypt between 10,200 BC and 2,000 BC, decades before the time of the Pharaohs. The primitive period hasn’t left much in the way of archaeological evidence, which makes this finding all the more exciting and educational.

This year, a series of major archaeological discoveries have been made in Egypt, boosting the country’s image and reviving interest in tourism. Last month, two houses dating 4,500 years back were discovered near the famous Pyramids of Giza. Also, a second sphinx was found last month in Luxor after workers mistakenly dug it up during road works. Members of the public are now free to visit the new found site.

Main image from Al Motawaset